The Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommend that people exercise some common sense and proper hygiene when it comes to swimming in what is, essentially, a giant shared bathtub. The CDC advises:
- Don’t go in the water if you have diarrhea. (Even if you’re not worried that you might accidentally defecate in the pool. As I’ll explain below, it’s important to just stay out of the water altogether if you have a stomach illness.)
- Shower before getting into the pool.
- Don’t use the pool as a toilet.
- Don’t swallow the pool water.
- The stuff that makes your eyes sting? It’s bodily fluids.
Women’s Health recently released an article explaining that, contrary to popular belief, it’s not the chlorine in pool water that irritates swimmers’ eyes and makes people cough. Michael J. Beach, Ph.D., associate director of the CDC’s Healthy Water program, told the magazine, Chlorine binds with all the things it’s trying to kill from your bodies, and it forms these chemical irritants. That’s what’s stinging your eyes. It’s the chlorine binding to the urine and the sweat.
- The number of people getting sick from swimming in public pools is on the rise.
Beach also told Women’s Health that disease can spread via public pools when people afflicted with diarrhea swim, saying, “We have a new parasitic germ that has emerged that’s immune to chlorine. … We’ve got to keep it out of the pool in the first place. We need additional barriers.” He explains that a swimmer doesn’t need to actually go to the bathroom in the pool to make others sick, as germs on the body can infect others. This is why it’s important to shower before going into a pool.
- The chemical smell of a pool does not mean it’s clean.
According to Live Science, a strong chemical odor coming from a pool does not mean that it’s so chock full of disinfecting chemicals that it’s clean. In fact, that smell comes from the chlorine binding with sweat, urine, and other fluids. A well-maintained pool will have little odor.
- Twenty percent of Americans pee in pools. (At least.)
A 2009 survey from the Water Quality and Health Council found that one in five of those surveyed admitted to urinating in pools.
- Dirty pools are more common than you think.
A report released by the CDC in 2010 found that in inspections of over 111 thousand public pools, just over 12% (that’s about 1 in 8) had to be immediately closed due to serious code violations that posed dangers to public health.
- There is such a thing as “hot tub rash”
Hot tub rash is a skin infection caused by hanging out in a badly maintained hot tub. The CDC explains that because hot tubs are warm, chlorine and other chemicals used to kill germs break down faster than in regular pools, opening the door for nasties like Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the bacterium that causes hot tub rash. According to the CDC, common symptoms include:
- Itchy spots on the skin that become a bumpy red rash.
- The rash is worse in areas that were previously covered by a swimsuit.
- Pus-filled blisters around hair follicles.
- There’s poop in the water.
A 2013 study from the CDC found E. coli, a bacterium that is “a marker for fecal contamination,” in 58% of pools studied. So yeah. I’m officially done.